The Three Stooges. The Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy team active from 1928 until 1970, best known for their 190 Columbia short-subject films that are still syndicated on television. Their hallmark was physical farce and slapstick. In films, the Stooges were commonly known by their actual first names. There were a total of six stooges over the act’s run, with only three active at any given time, but Moe Howard and Larry Fine were mainstays throughout the ensemble’s run of more than forty years.
What was The Three Stooges first movie?
The first movie was Soup To Nuts. Ted Healy is a salesman for the Schmidt Costume Shop who likes to hang out at the fire station where Moe (billed as “Harry Howard”), Larry and Shemp (along with Fred Sanborn) work. Old man Schmidt spends more time building crazy inventions (typical of devices by writer/cartoonist Rube Goldberg) than tending to his business; as a consequence he is bankrupt and his business is taken over by his creditors, who send a young man named Carlson to manage the business. Carlson immediately falls for Mr. Schmidt’s niece, Louise, but she resists him.
The Three Stooges began as part of a mid-1920s vaudeville comedy act
It was billed as “Ted Healy and His Stooges”, consisting of Healy, Moe Howard, Moe’s brother Shemp Howard and Larry Fine. The four made one feature film, Soup to Nuts, before Shemp left to pursue a solo career. He was replaced by his younger brother, Jerome “Curly” Howard, in 1932. Two years later, the trio left Healy and signed on to appear in their own short-subject comedies for Columbia Pictures, now billed as “The Three Stooges”. From 1934 to 1946, Moe, Larry and Curly produced over 90 short films for Columbia. It was during this period that the three were at their peak popularity.
Moses Harry Horwitz known as Moe Howard in the Three Stooges turned to selling real estate to keep himself afloat. He married the cousin of Harry Houdini, Helen Schonberger. Throughout the Three Stooges’ career, Moe Howard acted as both their main creative force and business manager. Here are the other Stooges:
Real Name: Moses Harry Horwitz
Born: June 19, 1897
Died: May 4, 1975 (aged 77)
Stooge years: 1921–1970
Real Name: Louis Feinberg
Born: October 5, 1902
Died: January 24, 1975 (aged 72)
Stooge years: 1928–1970
Real Name: Samuel Horwitz
Born: March 11, 1895
Died: November 22, 1955 (aged 60)
Stooge years: 1923–1932, 1946–1955
Real Name: Jerome Lester Horwitz
Born: October 22, 1903
Died: January 18, 1952 (aged 48)
Stooge years: 1932–1946
Born: August 12, 1907
Died: March 1, 1988 (aged 80)
Stooge years: 1956–1957
Curly Joe DeRita
Real Name: Joseph Wardell
Born: July 12, 1909
Died: July 3, 1993 (aged 83)
Stooge years: 1958–1970
What happened to Curly Howard when he left the Three Stooges
He suffered a debilitating stroke in May 1946, and Shemp returned, reinstating the original lineup, until his death of a heart attack on November 22, 1955. Film actor Joe Palma was used as a temporary stand-in to complete four Shemp-era shorts under contract (the maneuver thereafter became known as the term of art “Fake Shemp”). Columbia contract player Joe Besser joined as the third Stooge for two years (1956–57), departing in 1958 to nurse his ailing wife. Columbia terminated its shorts division and released its Stooges contractual rights to the Screen Gems production studio. Screen Gems then syndicated the shorts to television, whereupon the Stooges became one of the most popular comedy acts of the early 1960s.
Comic actor Joe DeRita became “Curly Joe” in 1958, replacing Besser for a new series of full-length theatrical films. With intense television exposure, the act regained momentum throughout the 1960s as popular kiddie fare, until Larry Fine’s paralyzing stroke in January 1970. Fine died in 1975 after a further series of strokes. Attempts were made to revive the Stooges with longtime supporting actor Emil Sitka in Larry’s role in 1970, and again in 1975, but this attempt was cut short by Moe’s death on May 4, 1975.
Credited to Wikipedia.